Crucial Cs

To thrive in the classroom and in life, there are certain needs that every person has. Each of us needs to have close relationships with others, to feel valued in our communities, and to have a sense of control over our lives. Adults who do not participate in a classroom community in positive ways may be lacking in one or more important internal certainties. These four vital protections are called the Crucial Cs.

This reference document is adapted with permission from Responsibility in the Classroom: A Teacher’s Guide to Understanding and Motivating Students by Amy Lew and Betty Lou Bettner.

Topic Area
Culturally Responsive and Sustaining Teaching
ADEI (anti-racism, diversity, equity, and inclusion)
ESOL/English Learners
Learning Disabilities / Differences
Media Type
Resource Type
PD Center
SABES Mathematics and Adult Numeracy Curriculum and Instruction PD Team
Action Type